There is a strong correlation in the scriptures between the color or
metal, gold, and the subject of kings or kingdoms. Fourteen times in the
Old Testament the word, sceptre is used to indicate a rod representing
the authority of the King. One time in the New Testament it is used to
represent the authority of Jesus Christ, our King.
associated with the sceptre in the case of the Medo-Persian King
4:11 "All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces,
do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king
into the inner court, who is not called, there is one law of his to put
him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden
sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto
the king these thirty days."
2. Est. 5:2 "And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing
in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held
out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew
near, and touched the top of the sceptre."
3. Est. 8:4 "Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So
Esther arose, and stood before the king,"
The law was
that the person who dared come before the king without having been
called was to be put to death. The exception was that the person would
be given mercy and not put to death if the king held out the golden
sceptre. In the above case, Esther, the queen went into the king's
presence and the king held out the golden sceptre and Esther's life was
was sometimes used in the Old Testament to testify of the coming of the
Lord Jesus Christ and thus that he was coming as a King with authority:
49:10 "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from
between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of
the people be."
2. Num. 24:17 "I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not
nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out
of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the
children of Sheth."
3. Ps. 45:6 "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy
kingdom is a right sceptre. 7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest
wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of
gladness above thy fellows. 8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and
aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee
Ps. 45:6 is quoted in Heb. 1:8 "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O
God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of
thy kingdom." This leaves us no doubt that the Lord Jesus Christ has a
kingdom and that he reigns with authority in that kingdom. He is the
possessor of the true "golden sceptre" of the kingdom of God. He reigns
and rules in righteousness.
Queen and Daughters
There is a strong correlation in the scriptures between the color or
metal, gold, and the subject of kings or kingdoms.
following passage of scripture associates the bride of the king (queen)
and his daughters with gold:
"Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is
a right sceptre. 7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness:
therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness
above thy fellows. 8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and
cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad. 9
Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand
did stand the queen in gold of Ophir. 10 Hearken, O daughter, and
consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy
father's house; 11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he
is thy Lord; and worship thou him. 12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be
there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall entreat thy
favour. 13 The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is
of wrought gold. 14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of
needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought
unto thee. 15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they
shall enter into the king's palace."
this passage among other things speaks of the bride of the King, i.e.,
the Queen, and the daughters of the King. They are both spoken of as
having been clothed with gold. As God's covenant people we have two
relationships or positions with Christ: we are his bride and we are his
offspring. We are his bride in that he has brought us into a covenant
relationship with him:
3:29 "He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the
bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of
the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled."
2. Rev. 21:2 "And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down
from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband."
3. Rev. 21:9 "And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had
the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me,
saying, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's wife."
4. Rev. 22:17 "And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that
heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will,
let him take the water of life freely."
5. Eph. 5:25 "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the
church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse
it with the washing of water by the word, 27 That he might present it to
himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such
thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. 28 So ought men
to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth
himself. 29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and
cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church: 30 For we are members of his
body, of his flesh, and of his bones."
we conclude that as Christ is the King, his bride, his covenant people,
are the Queen that is dressed in gold as the bride of the King.
note that we are also the offspring of the King and thus his daughters:
21:5 "Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee,
meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass."
2. John 12:15 "Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh,
sitting on an ass's colt."
3. 2 Cor. 6:18 "And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons
and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty."
4. 1 Pet. 3:6 "Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose
daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any
We are the
bride of Christ by covenant relationship and we are the daughters of
Christ by spiritual birth. We are also his daughters by adoption. As the
bride of Christ and as the daughters of Christ we are brought into a
relationship with the King of Glory and are clothed with the King's
There is a strong correlation in the scriptures between the bible color
or metal, gold, and the subject of kings or kingdoms.
tabernacle in the wilderness and later in the temple there were two
cherubims located within the most holy place. In the tabernacle these
two cherubims were made of beaten gold. In the temple the two cherubims
were overlaid with gold. Thus, in both places, the cherubims were being
associated with the king. In our study of numbers we proved that the
number two is associated with the bible subject of witness.
the cherubims are associated with the subject of witness in the tenth
chapter of the book of Ezekiel. There were four cherubims each with four
wheels. The four cherubims are typical of the gospel ministry of this
New Testament age. The gospel ministers are witnesses of the grace of
Christ and of the wonderful works and deeds of the Lord Jesus Christ our
and their King.
tabernacle and in the temple the Lord is said to dwell between the
1. 1 Sam.
4:4 "So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the
ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the
cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with
the ark of the covenant of God."
2. 2 Sam. 6:2 "And David arose, and went with all the people that were
with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God,
whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth
between the cherubims."
3. 2 Ki. 19:15 "And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD
God of Israel, which dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God,
even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven
4. 1 Chr. 13:6 "And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is,
to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of
God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called
5. Ps. 80:1 "To the chief Musician upon Shoshannimeduth, A Psalm of
Asaph. Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a
flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth."
6. Ps. 99:1 "The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth
between the cherubims; let the earth be moved."
7. Isa. 37:16 "O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the
cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the
earth: thou hast made heaven and earth."
wings of the cherubims stretched from one wall to the other wall and a
wing of each cherub touched a wing of the other cherub in the middle, it
can be asserted that the phrase, "dwelleth between the cherubims," could
also mean dwelleth underneath the wings of the cherubims.
We have a
two-fold witness of God's mercy and of his covenant work and of his
sacrificial atonement. The cherubims overshadowed the mercy seat. The
blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled on the mercy seat. The mercy seat
was founded upon the ark of the covenant. The two fold witnesses we have
of the God's mercy, of his atoning blood, and of his covenant work are
the Old Testament and the New Testament.
cherubims had their faces inward: Ex. 25:18 "…and their faces shall look
one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims
be." The Old Testament looks forward to the sacrificial atonement of the
Lord Jesus Christ and of the subsequent mercy manifest therefore. This
all having been done according to God's covenant counsel. The New
Testament looks back upon the Lord Jesus Christ and of the mercy
accruing thereof and all of this being accomplished by the covenant work
of Jesus Christ.
of the cherubims stretched forth from one wall to the other wall: 1
Kings 6:27 "And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they
stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one
touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other
wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house."
The testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ given unto us in the Old
Testament and in the New Testament stretches from before the foundation
of the world unto the Glory World, when time shall be no more.
The wings of the cherubims also touched one another. Multitudes of
prophecies of the Lord are given to us in the Old Testament and
subsequently are pointed out to us in the New Testament. Additionally,
the Old Testament testifies to us of the need of a Saviour and the New
Testament testifies to us of the One who saved us. Thus they touch one
(meaning Jehovah) of host dwelled between the cherubims. It is
interesting that Jesus Christ (Jehovah) appeared as a man on the earth
to redeem his people between the writing of the Old Testament and the
New Testament. He appeared between the cherubims.
cherubims had a total of four wings and they stretched forth their wings
on high. Four is the bible number associated with the subject of the
work of the Holy Spirit. According to the scriptures, "holy men spake as
they were moved by the Holy Ghost." Also, "all scripture is given by
inspiration of God…" Therefore, we see the testimony of the Old
Testament and of the New Testament was given to us under the direction
and leadership of the Holy Spirit.
spoke from between the cherubims: Num. 7:89 "And when Moses was gone
into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him, then he heard
the voice of one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that was upon
the ark of testimony, from between the two cherubims: and he spake unto
him." Things are even better today as the Lord often speaks to us
through the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments and especially
through the preaching of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
the cherubims in the tabernacle were made of gold of beaten work. The
cherubims in the temple were made from wood of Olive tree and overlaid
with gold. This shows forth a two-fold nature. Men wrote the Old and New
Testaments. Yet, men wrote the Old and New Testaments under the
leadership of the Holy Spirit. The Old and New Testaments are King
Jesus' testimony to His people: " All scripture is given by inspiration
of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for
instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect,
thoroughly furnished unto all good works."