Animals, Colors, Metals, Numbers and Signs in Scripture.








Silver Redemption

In the scriptures bible metals are associated with particular bible subjects. The metal, silver, is associated with the subject of redemption. It is well known that throughout history, silver and gold have been used as mediums of exchange (money). The primary medium of exchange in the scriptures is silver. The great majority of times that we find silver mentioned in the scriptures it is used as money to purchase or redeem various objects or materials.

Many times in the scriptures we see various numbers, metals, colors, etc. associated with the basic bible doctrines by use of types and shadows. We will look at the following examples of how silver is typically used to show forth the redemptive work of Jesus Christ:

1. Value of price of a servant.
2. Trespass offering.
3. Trumpets of silver.
4. Gift to Benjamin.
5. Redemptive price of children of Israel.
6. Abraham's gifts to Rebekah.
7. Foundation of the tabernacle.

Value or Price of a Servant

In the scriptures there is a close correlation between the metal, silver, and the subject of redemption. Also, the scriptures give us the value of a servant in terms of shekels of silver. This is given to us in the book of Leviticus: Lev. 27:3-7 "And thy estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary. And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels. And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels. And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver. And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels." The value of a servant depended on the age and the gender of the servant. Generally the value of a female servant was considered less than the value of a male servant. I suppose this is because it was because the female would be able to do less labor than the male servant at the same age. For instance to redeem a male servant would cost 50 shekels of silver.

An example of the above is that Joseph was sold into Egyptian bondage for twenty shekels of silver when he was 17 years of age. This was the value of a servant between 5 years old and 20 years old: Gen. 37:28 "Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt."
The Old Testament prophesied that Christ would be sold for thirty pieces of silver: Zec. 11:12, 13 "And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD." This prophesy was fulfilled as stated in the following passages:

1. Mat. 26:15 "And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver."
2. Mat. 27:3 "Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,"
3. Mat 27:9 "Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;"

Christ was about 33 years of age when he was crucified. The value of a male servant was set at 50 shekels of silver in the book of Leviticus. Then why was he sold for 30 shekels of silver? According to the prophecy in Zechariah the Lord said that the price was a goodly price. Why was it a goodly price? The answer is that the Lord came to redeem his bride. The value of his bride in bondage as a servant would have been 30 shekels of silver and not 50 shekels of silver. Jesus did not come to redeem himself as he had no need for redemption. He came to redeem his elect people, his bride. She was the one who was sold into the bondage of sin and required redemption. Jesus gave his life for the redemption of his bride, the elect family of God.

Trespass Offering

There is a strong correlation in the scriptures between the use of the metal, silver, and the subject of redemption. This correlation is manifest in the Old Testament types and shadows of the trespass offering.

The requirements of the trespass offering are set forth for us in the book of Leviticus: Lev. 5:15-16 "If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him."

Every sin is a trespass against the commandments of the Lord. Among the requirements of the trespass offering was that the trespasser pay a certain number of shekels of silver based on the estimation of the High Priest. This teaches us that there is a redemption price required for a trespass or sin against God.

Now the scriptures are clear that we are not redeemed by money: 1 Pet. 1:18-20 "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you." A redemption price is required to redeem the elect family of God unto God. This redemption price is not money, nor can it be paid by the trespasser. The redemption price for our redemption is that of the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. The silver in the Old Testament type of trespass offering just showed us that redemption from sin required a redemption price.