Animals, Colors, Metals, Numbers and Signs in Scripture.
3˝ Covenant Age
In the scriptures,
the number seven is a complete number and represents completion.
Sometimes we see the number three and a half used in the scriptures.
When seven is divided by two we get three and a half. Two halves make a
whole. Thus, three and a half is half of a completion. The scriptures
teach us that there are two covenants of worship that God has given:
Gal. 4:24 "Which things are an allegory: for these are the two
covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage,
which is Agar. 25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth
to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But
Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all." We
commonly refer to these two covenants as the Old Testament and the New
Testament. Together these two covenants make up the complete revealed
word of God.
11 And after three
days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they
stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. 12
And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up
hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies
Luke 4:25 "But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;"
James 5:17 "Elias was a man
subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it
might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three
years and six months. 18 And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain,
and the earth brought forth her fruit."
Ahab was a very wicked king over Israel and he caused Israel to sin above all that were before him. Because of his wickedness and the sins and rebellion of the children of Israel, God brought the drought upon Israel for three years and six months. At the end of this period, Elijah prayed again and God sent a great rain upon the land. Now all of this actually happened in the land of Israel during the days of Ahab the King and Elijah the Tishbite. However, the use of the period "three years and six months" indicates that these happenings were a type of a covenant. The number three and a half is associated in several places with the subject of a covenant or covenant age.
The covenant these events are a type of is the law covenant that God made with the children of Israel on Mt. Sinai. The law brought sin unto remembrance, but it did not do away with sin:
1. Rom. 3:19 "Now we know that
what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the
law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become
guilty before God. 20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no
flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of
It is plain to see that throughout the age of the law covenant there was no spiritual food or water for the children of God under the covenant of the law. There was only famine. Yet at the end of the law covenant, just as at the end of the three and a half years of drought during Elijah's day, there was a great rain that brought forth much fruit. Jesus Christ came to fulfill the law to a jot and a tittle and to bring in everlasting righteousness to the elect family of God:
1. Mat. 5:17 "Think not that I am
come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but
to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one
jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be
We conclude that that Jesus Christ fulfilling the law to a jot and a tittle and bringing in everlasting righteousness to the elect family of God is the anti-type of the rain ending the drought and the famine in Elijah's day.
Prophecy of the Covenant Work of Christ
Dan. 12:6 "And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders? 7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished."
The only man that is righteous in himself is Jesus Christ, therefore, the man clothed in linen must be Jesus Christ. Since, the man clothed in linen is Jesus Christ, and he sware by him that liveth for ever, then the man that liveth for ever must be God the Father.
There were several things that were prophesied in the twelfth chapter of Daniel. These things come under the heading of the covenant work of Jesus Christ. Three and a half in the scriptures is associated with a covenant. While we may make covenants with one another and often those covenants are flawed, yet the God of glory has made a covenant with himself that we refer to as the covenant of redemption. The covenant of redemption is set forth for us in Rom. 8:29, 30: "For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified."
Christ came into this world as the executor of the covenant of redemption. There are both an Old Testament passage of scripture and a New Testament passage of scripture that tell us plainly that Christ is the executor of God's covenant:
1. Is. 46:9 "Remember the former
things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there
is none like me, 10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from
ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall
stand, and I will do all my pleasure: 11 Calling a ravenous bird from
the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I
have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will
also do it."
Christ is the ravenous bird from the east, the man that executes the counsel of God from the far country of heaven. As we also read in John, he is the one who came to execute the will (covenant) of the Father. The use of the figurative "time, times, and a half" tells us that the accomplishment of the prophesied things in Daniel chapter 12 were according to the covenant work of Jesus Christ. In the covenant work of Christ as set forth for us in Rom. Chapter 8, verses 29 and 30, Christ came to deliver us from the bondage of sin by calling us to spiritual life. He also came to deliver us from the condemnation of sin by justifying us with his shed blood on the cross. Further, he came to deliver us from the corruption of sin by the resurrection in the last day that will render us glorified before God. This is all the covenant work of God that Christ came to execute and of which we are informed in figurative language in Daniel chapter 12.
The Gentiles Tread the Court for Three and a Half Years
Rev. 11:2 “But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.”
In the scriptures, the court is the gathering place of the people. (See Lev. 6:16, 26; Jer. 19:14; 26:2; 36:10; 2 Chr. 6:13; 20:5) Also in the court the king spoke to the people (See 2 Chr. 6:13; 20:5). In addition, the court was the place that the priests were to eat the meat offering (Lev. 6:14-18) and the sin offering (Lev. 6:25, 26). Sometimes the prophets spake to the people in the court (Jer. 19:14; 26:2; 36:10). God’s glory filled the court (Ezek. 10:3-5). The people worshipped in the court (Jer. 26:2; Ezek. 8:16). Offerings were made in the court (2 Chr. 7:7). The gate of the court had hangings of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, and pillars and sockets of silver and brass (Ex. 27:16). The dimensions of the court of the tabernacle were 100 cubits by 50 cubits, the same as the dimensions of the king’s house (Ex. 27:9-19; 1 Ki. 17:2). The dimensions of the court in Ezekiel’s vision were 100 cubits by 100 cubits, the same dimensions of the house of the Lord (Ezek. 40:19, 23, 27, 47; 41:13-15).
There are a great number of similarities between the court and the New Testament church. For instance, the church is the gathering of the Lord’s people (not the building, but the people themselves). (See Matt. 13:2, 47, 48; 18:20; 22:10; 23:37; Lk. 24:33; Acts 12:12; 14:27; 15:30; 20:8; 1 Cor. 5:4). Thru the preaching of the gospel, King Jesus speaks to the people: 1 Thes. 2: 13 “For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.” The Lord has made his people kings and priests unto God: Rev. 1:6 "And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” As priests unto God according to 1 Pet. 2:5 “Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.” Thus as in the court, we are to offer up spiritual sacrifices in the church.
As we have already seen the Lord speaks to his people in the church and he does this thru the gospel ministry. As the people worshipped in the court, today we worship God in the church (Eph. 2:20-22). The gate of the court was the place of entrance to the court. The colors of the hangings all have a significance. For instance the color blue is associated with the law. The color scarlet is associated with the blood of Christ. The color purple is associated with royalty. The color white is associated with righteousness. Brass is associated with suffering and affliction. Silver is associated with redemption. By taking these things all together, we can see that, Christ, the righteous one (white) kept the law (blue) to a jot and tittle and became the perfect sacrifice for his people (scarlet), thus thru his sufferings on the cross (brass) and his shed blood (scarlet), he redeemed (silver) his people from their sins, thus making them righteous (white). He also made them kings and priests unto God (purple). This is in perfect harmony with Rev. 1:5 “And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, 6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” It can also be noted that the church is the King’s house which is the house of God: 1 Tim. 3:15 "But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth."
The holy city in the Old Testament is identified as the city of Jerusalem in the following verses of scripture:
1. Neh. 11:1 "And the rulers of
the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to
bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to
dwell in other cities."
The holy city in the New Testament is identified as the Lord’s church or New Jerusalem in the following verses:
1. Rev. 21:2 "And I John saw the
holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared
as a bride adorned for her husband."
To tread under foot means to possess or have the victory as the following verses show:
1. Ex. 24:10 "And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his
feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the
body of heaven in his clearness."
Based on the above verses we can conclude that the Gentiles have been given to possess the holy city or New Jerusalem (the church) for "forty two months."
The scriptures express in four different ways the period of time three and a half years. One of these ways is "forty two months." Three and one half plus three and one half equals seven. Seven represents completion in the scriptures. There are two testaments and only two testaments. Taking both the Old Testament and the New Testament together gives us the complete word of God. By studying the two witnesses in Rev. 11:3 we come to the conclusion that they represent the law and the prophets. Thus, they are the Old Testament. By studying the woman in Rev. 12:6 we are drawn to the conclusion that she represents the New Testament. By studying the times in which three and a half years is used in the scriptures we are drawn to the conclusion that regardless of the form in which it is presented it represents either the New Testament age or the Old Testament age. During the New Testament age, the Gentiles are to tread under foot (possess) the holy city (church) and to walk the court thereof.
The Opposing Beast in this Covenant Age
Satan is the archenemy of the Lord's obedient children. He routinely seeks to deceive, devour, and destroy them. Yet he cannot touch their eternal life. His trouble that he causes them is in this life. One of the devices of Satan is to gather together a multinational government under his spiritual control to attempt to wreck havoc upon the Lord's obedient children. There is a prophecy in the book of Daniel and another in the book of Revelation that speaks of this multinational beast that stands in opposition to the Lord's people who worship him in spirit and in truth in His kingdom:
1. Dan. 7:25 "And he shall speak
great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the
most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given
into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time."
The phrases "time and times and the dividing of time" and "forty and two months" speak to us of this beastly opposition to the saints of God would continue throughout the New Testament covenant age. Both phrases are equivalent to three and a half years. Three and a half is the bible number representing a covenant. There are two covenants of worship: Old Testament and New Testament. The number three and a half represents both these two covenants. Three and a half plus three and a half makes a total of seven. Seven is the bible number of completion. Thus, the two covenants together are the complete revealed word of God.
It is apparent in the above quoted verses that the beast is in opposition to God's obedient children. The beast seeks to wear out the saints of the most High and to change times and laws (this is designed to make it impossible according to man's laws to worship God in Spirit and in truth). The beast also speaks great things and blasphemies against the Most High and seeks to enslave the Lord's obedient children. While we can expect this opposition to continue throughout this New Covenant age, we also recognize that our help comes from God and it is he who delivers us and helps us in our struggles against this beastly opposition.
Two Faithful Witnesses Represent the Old Testament
The description of the two faithful witnesses point us to Moses and Elijah: "And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed. 6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will." During Elijah's day, he called fire down from heaven and destroyed the two captains and their fifties. Also, Elijah prayed that it rain not on Israel and it rained not for the space of three years and six months. During Moses day, God turned the waters of the river of Egypt into blood. Also, God poured out ten plagues on the land of Egypt during Moses day. Moses was the representative of the law. Elijah was the representative of the prophets. Together they represented the Old Testament also known as the law and the prophets.
Christ said in Luke 16:16: "The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it." The law and the prophets were God's testimony during the age of the law covenant that God made with the children of Israel on Mount Sinai. This testimony stood throughout the Old Testament age represented above by "a thousand two hundred and threescore days." A thousand two hundred and threescore days is three and a half years, which is the book of Revelations' figurative language for the Old Testament age.
The despisers of the law and the prophets sought to destroy the testimony of the Old Testament by destroying the Lord Jesus Christ. They thought that if they could get him to sin or to violate one of the prophecies or if they could kill him, then the Old Testament would become null and void. They were unable to get Jesus to sin and he fulfilled all that was written concerning him, but then he went to the cross and died and was in the grave for three days and three nights. These despisers thought they had accomplished their goal and rejoiced over what they thought were the dead bodies of the law and the prophets.
When Christ arose three and a half days after he was led out to be crucified, then the law and the prophets were no longer dead, but fulfilled to a jot and a tittle. The righteous judgment of God was proven and fulfilled. These despisers no longer had an excuse for their sins. They stood guilty before a just and holy God.
In both instances above, the three and a half represented the law covenant age and the covenant work of Jesus Christ.
Woman Clothed with the Sun
Rev. 12:1 "And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:"
Rev. 12:6 "And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days."
Rev. 12:14 "And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent."
The above verses speak to us of a woman who was clothed with the sun and who had a place prepared of God in the wilderness where she is fed or nourished for three and a half years.
The scriptures speak of two covenants of worship: Gal. 4:24 "Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. 26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all."
The "woman" in Revelation chapter 12 is the same as the "Jerusalem which is above." The "place prepared of God" is the Lord's church here on earth. There the Lord's covenant people are nourished with spiritual food in the midst of a world that has no spiritual food for the children of God. The church truly is located in the wilderness of this world. The food the Lord's people eat of in the church is the gospel of Jesus Christ. The remnant of the Lord's people take refuge in the church and are fed there throughout this New Covenant Age. Three and a half years or "a time, and times, and half a time" represent the covenant age. Since the book of Revelation is written in sign language, the three and a half years is not to be taken as a literal three and a half years, but as we have already shown the three and a half years actually represents a covenant age of indefinite length.